Astronomy is a study of celestial bodies like galaxies, nebulae, stars,planets, moons, asteroids and comets. Including the processes (such as the formation of stars, planets, black holes, pulsars,supernova explosions, cosmic background radiation, gamma ray burst and etc.), the chemistry, physics and evolution of such celestial bodies in the universe.
Astronautics involves the up to date space technology encompassing rockets, satellites communications and broadcasting, space navigation system, manned space vehicals and unmanned planetary probes.
Into the future
In Astronomy 101 is an introduction to the basics of Astronomy. It opens up to the study of heavenly bodies outside earth i.e. the objects in the universe, their chemical and physical properties.
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As for Astronautics 101, basically this course teaches the fundamentals of rocket science, orbital mechanics, environmental control and life support system and concept of safety and risk management.
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- Nasa's explanation of 'holy grail' breakthrough - independent.co.uk
- Seven Earth-sized planets spotted orbiting nearby star - theguardian.com
For Astronomy, its future research would be in looking for exoplanets and figuring out dark energy (quote Online Popular Science)
As for Astronautics, it's future is in developing space vehicals sending humans to Mars and colonizing it.